Overview Of the New SharePoint 2013 and SharePoint Development Model

SharePoint development and SharePoint 2013 model is most effective when it could be customized to suit a company’s particular requirements. The current platform provides several out-of-the-box and zero-code customizations. Custom-coded solutions are highly effective and extremely popular today. The SharePoint application model moves all custom code execution off a server and relies on a client-side execution or external server execution.

 One highly acclaimed new feature of the SharePoint 2013 model is the new application model that would be known as ‘apps for SharePoint’. This new feature considerably streamlines the SharePoint development process. These days, everyone wants an application so SharePoint development provides an app model to take care of all application requirements.

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New Cloud App Model:

The new SharePoint 2013 Cloud App Model allows creating apps for the platform. Applications are self-contained functionality pieces that help extend the SharePoint website’s capacities cleanly and simply. Users could discover and install applications easily from a public SharePoint Store or a private organization App Catalog. While one could still utilize farm solutions for administrators, one may want to build applications for solving different end-user requirements. SharePoint 2013’s programming model surpasses familiar cross-platform protocols and standards such as CSS, HTML, REST, JavaScript, OAuth and OData.

The current development tools SharePoint Designer and Visual Studio have undergone considerable enhancements that include full development support against the Cloud App Model. Furthermore, it releases a new web-based tool to develop apps like ‘Napa’ Office 365 Development Tools.

The core platform has been improved to support the new cloud-based architecture and application-driven development framework of SharePoint 2013. Some noteworthy enhancements include a new client & server APIs, REST endpoints for web services, remote even receivers and client-side rendering; all is geared towards offering a rich app development experience. SharePoint 2013 allows combining Windows Phone applications along with on-premises or cloud SharePoint applications and services to build powerful solutions extending the traditional laptop-desktop-bound functions to a truly mobile experience. The new mobility features of SharePoint 2013 include push notifications, Visual Studio application templates, maps and locations.

Some other noteworthy new functions and features in SharePoint 2013 include the following.

  1. Workflows such as Workflow 4.0-based infrastructure, Designer & project templates, Cloud execution and Declarative authoring
  1. Business Connectivity Services such as External data in applications, OData connector and External events in SharePoint
  1. Enterprise Content Management like Managed navigation, Design manager, EDiscovery and Cross-site publishing
  1. Search like a consolidated search platform, KQL improvements and Rich results framework
  1. Application services including PowerPoint automation services, Translation services and enhanced Access and Excel services

For SharePoint developers, a new model for installing and developing applications come with the new SharePoint 2013 model. In the past, deployment was termed loosely as developing ‘farm solutions’. Today, they are now isolated, which is safer and easier to maintain and deploy and cloud ready as well. Moreover, the applications don’t run on the SharePoint Server but are stored on the app server and accessed by the platform.

In theory, this lowers the load on a SharePoint server. Developers could   now use CSS, JavaScript and HTML for supporting application development. Developing with the new SharePoint model is a paradigm shift from the traditional SharePoint development process. One could learn the available tools for developing applications and how they could begin. The new SharePoint model is actually a dual purpose product for Microsoft that pushes ahead to deliver SharePoint-as-a-service in the cloud.

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